The stomach is a muscular sac that is important for absorbing food and preparing food for further digestion.
Diabetes also referred to as diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders, which are characterized by high blood glucose levels either because the production of insulin in the body is inadequate or because the cells of the body are not able to utilize the insulin present in the body or both. Patients who suffer from diabetes or high blood sugar typically develop symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), increased thirst (polydipsia) and increased hunger (polyphagia). Diabetes is divided into three types: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes. In Type I Diabetes also referred to as Insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM) the body of the patient is not able to produce insulin. In Type II Diabetes also referred to as Non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) either the body is unable to produce enough quantity of insulin or the cells in the body are not able to utilize the insulin (a condition known as insulin resistance). Gestational diabetes is the presence of high blood sugar during pregnancy in a female.