The gallbladder concentrates and stores bile as a pear-shaped sac which it can release to help digestion after a fatty meal.
Lap-Band: Lap-Band, also referred to as Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding or LAGB is a type of weight loss procedure that is characterized by placing an adjustable silicone band around the upper part of the stomach laparoscopically. Saline solution can be added to fill the band and tighten it. A port is placed under the abdominal skin and the band is connected to this port. The purpose of the port is to inject or remove saline solution into the band. LAGB creates a small pouch in the upper part of the stomach, thereby, reducing the size and total capacity to hold food of the stomach. The passage of food from the stomach to the intestine is also slowed down. The effect of this is that the signals of fullness and satiety from the small pouch are sent to the brain even with the consumption of small amounts of food. LAGB is performed on individuals with a BMI of 40 or more or with a BMI of 35 or more with associated medical problems such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, stroke etc.